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Bottega Veneta (Gucci Group)

Bottega Veneta (Gucci Group)

This article is from 2003

Bottega Veneta citrus-colored sandal trimmed with antique handblown glass beads.
Bottega Veneta citrus-colored sandal trimmed with antique handblown glass beads.

The bright, sand, and aquatic colors of the Adriatic Coast inspired Bottega‘s designers in their latest collections. The power of the tempting Adriatic waters can be seen throughout their latest offerings. Bottega designers have unearthed a treasure trove of antique hand blown glass beads. These were used to trim the bars of (limited-edition) high-heeled sandals, picking up the citrus and sky-blue or scarlet and gold tones of the brocades.

Bottega Veneta sandals trimmed with antique handblown glass beads.

Bottega Veneta is a leading Italian designer, producer and distributor of luxury leather goods, shoes and ready-to-wear. Bottega Veneta’s principal product lines include women’s handbags and sacks, of which the woven intrecciato is the most well-known. Bottega Veneta was purchased by the Gucci Group in 2001

“I was inspired by the Adriatic Coast,” said Bottega Veneta’s Tomas Meier of his luxurious collection, a mix of hand-painted, printed, and woven pieces in a palette of bright, sand, and aquatic colors.

The influence of those inviting Adriatic waters can be felt throughout. Perforated gold discs are scattered like water droplets on a suede pumpkin purse. Python is hand-painted in watercolor splashes of scarlet, lemon, and purple for a bag with the look of a Victorian guinea purse (cinched with a silver ring). Meier created a similar splash effect in the cotton and jersey prints used for a capacious beach bag, a bikini, and a puckered one-piece swimsuit with a forties flavor. And, in the most lavish variation of all, a lamé brocade looks as though it has been sprinkled with water or iridescent oils.

For spring (2003), Meier applied the company’s trademark weaving technique to strips of hand-painted leather, for a subtle ombré effect that shows up in a simple low-heeled mule and a purse with the easy feel of a straw bag picked up on an island holiday. Also simply chic is a high-heeled fifties stiletto in bone, sky, or biscuit alligator. Elsewhere the organic modernist forms of Jean Arp’s mid-century sculpture inspired a round-toe pump, overlaid with a fine cotton-tulle mesh.

While working in Venice on the new Bottega Veneta crystal tableware collection, Meier unearthed a treasure trove of antique handblown glass beads. These were used to trim the bars of (limited-edition) high-heeled sandals, picking up the citrus and sky-blue or scarlet and gold tones of the brocades. Bottega’s new jewelry, meanwhile, has a harder edge, as chunky bangles are woven with strips of leather or sterling silver. The designer also created a terry-cloth mule and a sheared-mink “toweling” robe—just the thing for those poolside movie-star moments.

Hamish Bowles

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Barefoot Sandals

Barefoot Sandals Beaded and Embellished

Barefoot Sandal - Heart Shaped Swarovski 8mm Pearl Foot Jewelry At
Barefoot Sandal – Heart Shaped Swarovski 8mm Pearl Foot Jewelry At

These look like something out of I-Dream-Of-Jeannie. Are you tired of wearing flip-flops? Why not start a trend by wearing beaded barefoot sandals. A barefoot sandal (slave anklet, foot-piece or foot-flower) is jewelry designed to adorn the foot as if wearing fancy sandals with all the comfort of bare feet.

Tammy calls these Bare Foot Sandals, and she says believe it or not, I’ve sold a good number of these down here in Florida. But, I don’t think you have to live in hot weather to enjoy making these cool sandals. In fact, my sister also made a pair of these for a friend of hers who was having a beach wedding in North Carolina. She used silver chain with mother-of-pearl beads and also made matching anklets for the female members of the wedding

  • Ladybead –  home of the “Barefoot Sandal”. These are more like foot floss than anything else. “The sexy sandals are unique gift items, and the perfect beach sandal.”
  • Anklets & Barefoot Sandals –  Chainmail and Slave anklets. They also make longer anklets for boot chains. This site does a lot of work with Chain-Mail.
  • ETSY – Popular items for barefoot sandals – Head on over to ETSY and see what is available
  • Bare Foot Sandals – A step-by-step guide to making Barefoot Sandals” From Tammy Powley at
  • More – Bare Foot Sandals – Another step-by-step guide to making “Barefoot Sandals”. These sandals are a fast and fun project that you can complete in about an hour. Then head outside to the pool or beach to show them off!
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Face Shape

These pages are not to set down rules, but to offer general guidelines for designing jewelry that flatters you and your customers!


  1.  Pull hair back and secure with pins or a headband so hair is completely off the face.
  2.  Stand 12″ from a mirror and look straight into it — or have someone take a picture of you facing straight into the camera with your hairline showing.
  3. Outline your face with a marker on the mirror with tracing paper, or on the photo.
  4.  Now look at your face shape in the mirror or photo drawing. Choose the shape that most closely resembles your own. If your face is a combination of shapes, choose styles based on the following criteria, which most flatter your particular shape.

Face Shapes

Now let us combine the information pertaining to height and bone structure with the shape of the face. There are four basic shapes: oval, round, heart-shaped and rectangular. Analyze your face shape, and determine the fashions that will best complement it. Remember to select jewelry that is in proportion to the size of your face.

the Oval Facethe Oval Face
The oval face is considered the perfect shape. The proportions at the forehead are not too wide, and the line from the forehead flows into high cheekbones, then narrows slightly to a rounded chin.

Necklaces – Any shape necklace will work with the oval. A choker looks just as good as opera-length pearls or any necklace that comes to a “V.”

Earrings – Round shapes, button or hoop earrings look well on the oval face, but triangular shapes are especially flattering. Dangling earrings look well, if they are not too long. Earrings that move up the ear or have wings that sweep up minimize a too-thin face or long nose.

Hair – Hair pulled back or worn in an updo shows off the oval face the most. In long styles, a great classic look is a center or side part with hair touching shoulders. The short-layered looks with curls and a close extended nape focus on this oval.

  • FASHION TIP: Wide-open necklines or close-necked collars emphasize the oval face.

faceroundthe Round Face
This shape is round at the cheeks and a has a circular form.There is more of the face near the ears and gradually less curving upward and downward. The goal: to slim your face.

Necklaces – To give a dimension of length, look for long necklaces, 28″ to 32″.

Earrings – Squares, oblongs, rectangles work well as do dangling and angular designs. Elongated styles also go well because they draw attention down instead of around.

Hair – Hair below the chin line should be worn with a face-lengthening center part; for hair above chin line, wear an off-center part to interrupt the roundness. Height at the crown and a bare forehead lengthen and slim the face. It’s best to avoid short and sleeked-back hairstyles. In short-angled styles, you are best seen with hair brushed away from the face, building extra crown height to narrow the roundness of your features. Though bangs shorten the face, you can wear curly, tousled bangs or a soft wispy fringe . Always avoid full, straight-falling bangs. Wear longer styles closer to the face to give length.

  • FASHION TIP: Avoid rounded, scoop necklines. Use vertical clothing lines and v-neck lines to add angles to the roundness.

faceoblongthe Rectangular or Oblong Face
The rectangular face has more length than width and it has distinguishable angles. The width of the face at the forehead is the same as the chin. This face needs jewelry that adds width and camouflages the length of the face.

Necklaces – A high choker reduces the length of the face, particularly if the neck is too long. In addition, a 16″ or 18″ necklace that ends in a “U” flatters this face.facepear

Hair – Hairstyles should add width and fullness to the sides of the face and around the eyes, cheekbones and ears. This shape benefits from a low side part, with a sweep of hair brushed across the forehead and secured with a comb. The look of volume with an asymmetric flow of hair to one side widens your face and reduces length. Straight-falling bangs or bangs blended with the sides of your hair, shorten the overall face length. Your best hair length reaches to the middle of the neck. Favor volume with curly or wavy styles that are very becoming, giving you the illusion of balanced width. Wide curly bob styles are ideal for this shape.

  • CLOTHING TIP: Avoid long V-necked and vertical lines at the neckline. Use high necklines to shorten the length of the face.
  • MAKEUP TIP: To shorten the face a bit, use darker foundation, powder or blusher to darken the chin.

faceheartthe Heart-Shaped Face
This face is wide at the forehead and cheeks, and then narrows sharply to a point at the chin. Think of this face as a triangle. It likes jewelry that adds width to the chin to draw the eye away from the point.

Necklaces – A choker necklace is a favorite style because it softens and diminishes the sharp angle of the chin.
Earrings – Look for earrings that are wider at the bottom than the top. Dangling earrings that form a triangle are especially flattering.

Hair – The goal: diminish forehead width and create a wider, fuller jaw effect. Soft bangs flatter this shape, whether curly or smoother. Or wear a side part with soft three-quarter bangs swept over one side to balance your forehead width. The styles should be fuller at the jaw line. Upswept at the sides and off the forehead further emphasize your feminine appeal . A medium length to mid-neck is your best look. Fullness at the bottom, with hair directed forward onto the cheeks gives you the appearance of a wide chin. The soft layered bob styles are ideal. Or if you prefer, curls or loose waves, shaped from the ears down, add width and fullness to your chin.

  • CLOTHING TIP: Use V-neck and “Sweetheart” neck lines to repeat and emphasize the heart shape.
  • MAKEUP TIP: Highlight the temples if you are not wearing bangs to broaden the forehead.
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Flip Flops

Flip Flops Beaded and Embellished

Did you ever think you would see the words “fashion” and “flip-flop” in the same sentence?

“I blew out my flip-flop/ stepped on a pop-top … ” You know the rest of this song – Margaritaville, the song tells the story of an alcoholic who has lost his way in life and now lazes seaside in plastic shoes probably purchased at a convenience store.

Pucci is making a terry-cloth flip-flop. Price: $170. Helmut Lang has a rubber flip-flop nearly identical to the ones you can get at beach side T-shirt shops. Price: $125. And a little design house called Sigerson Morrison has slapped a kitten heel on a rubber flip-flop and is selling it for $85.

  • Beach Shoes.
    Give old flip-flops new life by making beaded straps.

Thong sandals have been worn for thousands of years, dating back to pictures of them in ancient Egyptian murals from 4,000 BC. A pair found in Europe was made of papyrus leaves and dated to be approximately 1,500 years old. These early versions of flip-flops were made from a wide variety of materials. Ancient Egyptian sandals were made from papyrus and palm leaves. The Masai of Africa made them out of rawhide. In India, they were made from wood. In China and Japan, rice straw was used. The leaves of the sisal plant were used to make twine for sandals in South America, while the natives of Mexico used the yucca plant.

The Ancient Greeks and Romans wore versions of flip-flops as well. In Greek sandals, the toe strap was worn between the first and second toes, while Roman sandals had the strap between the second and third toes. These differ from the sandals worn by the Mesopotamians, with the strap between the third and fourth toes. In India, a related chappal (“toe knob”) sandal was common, with no straps but a small knob sitting between the first and second toes. They are known as Padukas

The modern flip-flop became popular in the United States as soldiers returning from World War II brought Japanese zōri with them.  It caught on in the 1950s during the postwar boom and after the end of hostilities of the Korean War.

As they became adopted into American popular culture, the sandals were redesigned and changed into the bright colors that dominated 1950s design.They quickly became popular due to their convenience and comfort, and were popular in beach-themed stores and as summer shoes. During the 1960s, flip-flops became firmly associated with the beach lifestyle of California. As such, they were promoted as primarily a casual accessory, typically worn with shorts, bathing suits, or summer dresses. As they became more popular, some people started wearing them for more dressy or formal occasions.

In 1962, Alpargatas marketed a version of flip-flops known as Havaianas in Brazil. By 2010, more than 150 million pairs of Havaianas were produced each year.Flip-flops quickly became popular as casual footwear of young adults. Girls would often decorate their flip-flops with metallic finishes, charms, chains, beads, rhinestones, or other jewelry. High-end flip-flops made of leather or sophisticated synthetic materials are commonly worn in place of sneakers or loafers as the standard, everyday article of casual footwear, particularly among teenagers and young adults, although it is not unusual to see older people wearing playful, thick-soled flip-flops in brilliant colors.

A minor controversy erupted in 2005 when some members of Northwestern University’s national champion women’s lacrosse team visited the White House wearing flip-flops. The team responded to critics by auctioning off their flip-flops on eBay, raising $1,653 for young cancer patient, Jaclyn Murphy of Hopewell Junction, New York, who was befriended by the team. There is still a debate over whether this signaled a fundamental change in American culture — many youth feel that flip-flops are more dressy and can be worn in a variety of social contexts, while older generations feel that wearing them at formal occasions signifies laziness and comfort over style.

In 2011, while vacationing in his native Hawaii, Barack Obama became the first President of the United States to be photographed wearing a pair of flip-flops. The Dalai Lama of Tibet is also a frequent wearer of flip-flops and has met with several US presidents, including George W. Bush and Barack Obama, while wearing the sandals.

While exact sales figures for flip-flops are difficult to obtain due to the large number of stores and manufacturers involved, the Atlanta-based company Flip Flop Shops claimed that the shoes were responsible for a $20 billion industry in 2009. Furthermore, sales of flip-flops exceeded those of sneakers for the first time in 2006. If these figures are accurate, it is remarkable considering the low cost of most flip-flops.

Get a glue gun and stick some sequins or something on a pair of flip-flops from Target. It is cooler to be creative and save money than to spend money on a name.

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Gemstones of the Bible

The stones of the Foundation of the New Temple of Jerusalem, as mentioned in Revelations A summary by J. Michael Howard

high_priest_garments_of_glory_and_beautyThe ancients were not versed in the science of mineralogy, they did have names for the many commonly used minerals and stones of their day. A number of these can be directly traced back to the mineral, gem, or type of stone they used. However, some are clouded, now and forever, by the veil of time. Lack of specific information about the characteristics, particularly color, is not available. Therefore, you will find much speculation in the literature. The translation of the original Hebrew and then translation by later writers from the ancient Grecian language has added to the confusion.

It is easier to understand why 12 stones are mentioned in Revelations 12 is an important number in the Bible. The 12 tribes of Israel, the 12 apostles, the 12 stones of the foundation of the New Temple of Jerusalem. Our best knowledge of the characteristics of these 12 stones come by considering the 12 stones of the Breastplate of the High Priest of Israel, each representing a tribe of Israel.

One of the earliest writers to associate with the apostles the symbolism of the gems given in Revelations is by Andreas, bishop of Caesurae.  He gives a brief description of the stones, which is recounted in George F. Kunz’s book The Curious Lore of Precious Stones (1913).

  • Jasper , which like the emerald is of a greenish hue, signifies St. Peter.  Jasper: The ancient Hebrew name was Yashpheh. A translucent stone of green hue. Jasper has been known from early times as a fine-grained variety of quartz. It occurs in many different colors and hues, but green was particularly valued. An early variety discovered in India and still mined there today is called bloodstone. It is dark to medium green with small spots of red scattered throughout. It has been said that it originated when Christ’s blood fell to the ground and was scattered on the rocks under the Cross, which is a nice story but was used and prized in India long before Christ’s birth. However, many early Christians wore it to remind them of Christ’s sacrifice.
  • The Sapphire is likened to the Heavens (from this stone is made a color popularly called lazur) and signifies St. Paul. Sapphire or Lapis Lazuli. The Hebrew name of Sappir. The sacred character of this stone was attested by the tradition that the Law given to Moses on the Mount was engraved on tablets of sapphire. This is not the blue sapphire we think of as the faceted gemstone, but instead the rich blue stone now relatively popular in jewelry known as lapis or lapis lazuli. It was well known and often used by the ancients as a blue paint pigment when ground to a powder. Much of what is now sold comes from Afghanistan.
  • The Chalcedony may well have been considered what we now call the carbuncle and represented St. Andrew. Chalcedony or Emerald: Hebrew name of Bareketh. There is some confusion concerning this stone because chalcedony is a milk-white fine-grained variety of quartz and the non-gem form of emerald (beryl) is typically a sea green to grayish to white hard mineral that forms six sided elongate crystals. All emeralds are relatively uncommon in occurrence, whereas chalcedony is common. Both minerals are relatively resistant to weathering and might be found in river gravels or on the surface of the ground. It is known that there were active emerald mines during this time providing this stone to Egypt.

    The carbuncle is a beautiful gem of a rich red color found in the East Indies. When held up to the sun, it loses its deep tinge and becomes the color of a burning coal. Sometimes, the name is applied to the Ruby, Sapphire, Red Spinel and Garnet, also called Firestone.

  • The Emerald which is of a green color, is nourished with oil that its transparency and beauty may not change; this stone signifies St. John the Evangelist. Emerald or Garnet: Hebrew name of Nophek. The literal translation of the ancient Hebrew name means glowing coal. So this could not be the green stone we call emerald, but instead is thought to be a bright red variety of garnet: almandine.
  • The Sardonyx, which shows a certain transparency and purity of the human nail, represents James. Sardonyx or Onyx: Hebrew name of Yahalom. The traditional interpretation is onyx. Some Greek writers considered it to mean diamond as the translation of the Hebrew word means to smite or cut. However, there is no evidence that the Hebrews knew of diamond. However, onyx was a well-known stone, which was carved into seals and used with wax. Therefore, the term to smite may mean to strike as with a seal on hot wax. Onyx is a common soft stone, composed of calcium carbonate and deposited in caves. Much banded onyx today is cut and polished as inexpensive novelty items.
  • The Sardius with its tawny and translucent coloring suggests fire and represents Philip. Sardius or Carnelian: Hebrew name of Odem. Carnelian is a translucent hard fine-grained variety of orangish red quartz that has often been used for ring stones and wax seals.
  • The Chrysolite, gleaming with the splendor of gold, symbolizes Bartholomew.
  • The Beryl, imitating the colors of the sea and air, and not unlike the jacinth, suggests Thomas.
  • The Topaz, (Modern name Peridot) which is of a ruddy color, resembling somewhat the carbuncle, denotes Matthew. Topaz or Peridot: Hebrew name of Pitdah. The Hebrew word appears derived from a Sanscrit word meaning yellow. Some theologians think it could have been serpentine. However, the topazius of ancient writers usually signified the gem variety of olivine called peridot.
  • The Chrysoprase, more brightly tinged with a gold hue than gold itself, symbolizes St. Thaddaeus. Chrysoprase or Citrine: Hebrew name of Tarshish. The original stone of the Hebrews came from Phoenician mines in what is now Spain. Black quartz crystal was heated until it turned a pale golden brown color. The Hebrew word literally means golden stone and was given to the region that produced it : Tartessus.
  • The Jacinth, which is of a celestial hue, signifies Simon. Jacinth or amber. Others suggest a brown variety of sapphire. However, brown agate is known to have been commonly worn by the Hebrews during their early history and, therefore, would seem to have greater significance as one of the New Temple’s foundation stones.
  • The Amethyst, which shows to the onlooker a fiery aspect, signifies Matthew. Amethyst: Hebrew name of Ahlamah. The Hebrew word is directly translated as amethyst. Abundant supplies of this violet to purple variety of crystalline quartzwere available from both Arabia and Syria. Agate: Hebrew name of Shebo. A banded variety of agate, commonly used by Egyptians, had distinctive gray and white alternating bands that would have contrasted well with the other varieties of fine-grained quartz.
  • Onyx or Turquoise: Hebrew name of Shoham. The Catholic translation is onyx, whereas the earlier translators considered this stone beryl. However, there is little to guide us. Some theologians have suggested this stone might have been malachite, a green stone well known to the Egyptians. However, the discovery of ancient turquoise mines on the Sinai Peninsula, which were worked by the Egyptians, reveal the distinct possibility this stone was actually pale green or pastel blue turquoise.


“It was square — a span [22 centimeters] long and a span wide — and folded double. Then they mounted four rows of precious stones on it. In the first row there was a ruby , a topaz and a beryl; in the second row a turquoise, a sapphire and an emerald; in the third row a jacinth, an agate and an amethyst; in the fourth row a chrysolite, an onyx and a jasper. They were mounted in gold filigree settings. There were twelve stones, one for each of the names of the sons of Israel, each engraved like a seal with the name of one of the twelve tribes.” (Old Testament, New International Version, Exodus, Chpt. 39, vs. 9-14)

NOTE: No matter whose translation of the word or scripture you read – Protestant, Catholic, Greek, Hebrew, Egyptian, Babylonian or Assyrian – you will note the placement of stones in the breastplate differ – as do the names of each. This was because there were no specific names given to gemstones as there are today. Many were named regionally. Some carried the name of the city or country of origin such as Chalcedony (Turkey). They did not analyze these favored stones by their composition or crystalline form in those days. In addition, to confuse things even more, New Advent tells us their ‘chrysolite is our topaz and sapphire is our lazuli’.

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Anglican Prayer Beads

The Use of Beads in Prayers

Anglican Prayer Beads, also known as the Anglican Rosary, is a relatively new form of prayer that has elements in common with both the Orthodox prayer rope and the Catholic rosary. It is the fruit of over a decade’s contemplative practice and study by an Episcopal congregation seeking to both broaden and deepen their spiritual lives. Since its beginning in the 1980’s, its popularity has grown rapidly as individuals throughout the United States and Canada have begun using them as an aid to contemplative prayer.

Throughout history, Christian and non-Christian religions alike have used different forms of prayer counters with which to repeat shorter invocations many times each day. Christians of both Western and Eastern Rite traditions have a long acquaintance with such counters or prayer beads.

Anglican Prayer Beads

The Anglican rosary consists of thirty three (33) beads divided into four groups of seven (which signifies wholeness or completion) called WEEKS replacing the five groups of ten beads called DECADES found in the original Latin rosary (used today primarily Roman Catholics). Between each set of seven is a single bead, a CRUCIFORM bead (four in all), forming a Cross within the circle of the rosary. There is no ‘corpus’ in an Anglican Rosary. To see the Cruciform (cross-form), lay the rosary down flt and draw a line between the four beads.

How to use the rosary

Hold the Cross to begin and then move around the beads. The first bead (Invitatory Bead) invites us into God’s presence. The four larger or different beads divide the WEEKS and form a Cross or Cruciform across the circle of the rosary. These can serve as a reminder of Creation, the temporal ‘weeks’ of the year or the Seasons of the Church Year. A prayer can be said at each of these points.

The use of a rosary is a very personal invitation to prayer. Many people make up their own prayers using their favorite Psalm, Scripture passage, hymn etc. Some possibilities follow, but they’re meant to be an aid to your devotions, not a rigorous exercise to “get through.”

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Making Clay Beads

Okay I used to sell beads, but I also do pottery as a hobby.  So I’m always looking for a way to combine both of these. It would allow me to write off much of my hobby, plus I would be creating unique beads. I belong to one group on the Internet called Beads of,
they have lots of good advice for someone trying to create a beads from clay, I’m looking for ways to more or less mass produce clay beads.

I am testing and trying different techniques in an effort to give back to the beading / ceramics community some of what I have gotten. I am offering up my experiments for the world to see.

Often when people think of clay beads they think of Polymer Clay or PMC. This is NOT what I’m doing. I am working with clays that are fired at temperatures that can only be achieved in a kiln

Tumbled Heart Pendants

Okay this is my first experiment into the world of tumbled clay. As I write this I keep hearing the old Culture Club’s song “I’ll Tumble 4 Ya” =)

Paper Clay Hearts - Before and After
Paper Clay Hearts – Before and After The Tumbled hearts are much nicer and smooth to the touch.
  • A common Paper Clay called “Max’s White Raku / Sculpture” was used to make these hearts. I picked up a box of this at Axner Pottery Supply. This P’Cly has a wide fire range of cone 02-10 with 16% Shrinkage at Cone 10.
  • I rolled out a 1/2inch slab, and used an old piece of fabric to impress a design on the clay.
  • The Hearts were cut from the clay using the Amaco Heart Cutters (these are like small cookie cutters), I picked mine up at Micheals in the Polymer Clay section for $1.49.
  • Small loops of High Temperature wire was used to create the bails or hooks at the top of each piece.
  • The hearts were bisque fired at the Orlando Pottery Studio.
  • Using Red, Black, Blue – Cobalt and Iron Oxides I stained then fired the Hearts to Cone 6.

The next step was to get a Rock Tumbler
In our Sunday paper there is often a coupon good for 50% on any non-sales item at Michaels. I clipped that coupon and picked up one of these Toy rock tumblers for $16.00 (US).

There is a good website about Tumbling Polymer Clay Beads. Desiree’s Polymer Clay Project (How I tumble sand and T-buff) but little information on Tumbling Clay Beads.

I took three large hearts and three small hearts and loaded them into the tumbler. I kept out one set of hearts to be my control set. These Tumblers come with three sets of grit/polish, Course, Medium and Polish. I have no idea of the true grit of these packages. A couple of sites suggested a grit of 200 then 100 and a final polish.

I poured half the course grit into the barrel, covered the beads with water and plugged it in. It was LOUD, since my game plan was to run the Tumbler for two days using each of the three grits (six days total) I knew that I couldn’t leave it in the house. So I moved the tumbler out into garage, it was still too loud. I moved it the far end of the garage. Placed it on a towel and covered it with a bucket.

The noise seems to come from the Tumbler motor, not the stuff in the barrel. I can’t imagine why it is so loud, it just is.
The whole time I was running the Tumbler it leaked water, the instructions said that this was normal.

I peeked at the beads after the first day and they seemed fine. At the end of the second day I took the hearts out and washed them off in the yard with a hose. Everything that I had read said not to was them in the sink. The grit would clog the drain.

I added half the second package to the Tumbler plugged it back in and left it for two days, without peeking this time. When I took the hearts out this time they looked pretty smooth, as a matter of fact they looked about like they did after the final polish.

Two days later I added the polish to the barrel and let it run more. When I removed them this time they looked the same as when I put them in. I have read on a couple of sites that the final polish can make the beads look like they are glazed. It is probably due to my lack of experience, but it could be the open grain of the clay that caused NOT this to happen. I’ll find out more with time.


Notes & Observations

  • This was fun. I liked the results and will try more lately.
  • I’ll probably buy a better Tumbler; you can get a descent one for around $60.00. I need to practice more to get the affects that I am looking for. I need to get a book on Tumbling.
  • All of the stains that I used were Tumbled off of the pendants, I need to check to see if the same thing happens to glazes.
  • The metal hook that I created is now loose, but not loose enough to fall out on all of the pendants.
  • I will re-stain these and have them fired one more time to see if the Tumbling affected them.


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Body Styles and Hands

The first and most important factor for you to consider is overall body size and shape.

Height and bone structure

Remember that the most important rule for making jewelry is to design and buy what you like because its beauty will last a lifetime.

The first and most important factor for you to consider is overall body size and shape. To help you apply the fashion guidelines to a specific type, I have divided height into three separate categories, with discussions of pertinent bone structure.

Petite (Under 5’4″)

Necklaces – Petite women best wear collar-length or longer necklaces. Styles with “V” shapes and ones that fall below the breast but above the waist elongate the figure.
Bracelets – Bangles flatter petite women. Several narrow ones are more flattering than one wide one because they are more in proportion to the petite’s overall size.
Earrings – Concentrate on styles that sweep upward, pulling the viewer’s eye up. Full-figured petites look especially well in sharp geometric shapes.

Average (5’4″- 5’7″)

Necklaces – The average-height woman can wear necklaces of any length unless she is full-figured. In that case, she should avoid necklaces that rest on the breast line.
Bracelets – Wide bracelets are more in proportion to the average-height woman than very narrow ones.
Earrings – Earring choices are unlimited and should be considered in connection with face shape and, of course, hairstyles. Feel free to select exciting geometric shapes such as triangles, squares and ovals.

Tall (Over 5’7″)

Necklaces – Almost any length goes well. The thin tall woman may select chokers which cut the line of the neck and de-emphasize height. Necklaces made of stones or pearls of the same size are especially flattering to the tall woman.
Bracelets – The tall woman has a wide range of bracelet choices as long as she stays away from too-delicate pieces. The full-figured tall woman should wear several thin bracelets together to give a more balanced feeling, or a couple of wide bracelets.
Earrings – Long dangling earrings are especially flattering to tall women. Because there is plenty of space between the ear lobe and shoulder, she can wear any shape earrings except tiny buttons that look lost.

The Hands

An area to take into account when designing jewelry is the hand. This body area attracts a great deal of attention because people “talk” with their hands or otherwise bring attention to them. It is important to select your ring with the same attention as other jewelry, striving to have a ring that flatters your hand.

The length of the fingers is the determining factor when sizing rings. Women with long fingers, like tall women, can handle almost any style. In all cases, rings, like all jewelry, must be selected in proportion to the size of the hand.

For example, if the long-fingered hand is also overly thin, oval or round settings are best because they soften the look. In addition, wider bands are more flattering than thin ones.

The hands with short fingers look best with settings that remain within the knuckle. The setting or stone that extends past the knuckle only accentuates the hand’s shortness and makes it look less elegant. Oval or marquise shape stones elongate the hand and make good choices for short fingers. Round solitaire settings are also good because of their simplicity. If you want a large ring, opt for a dome shape of a high setting that won’t overpower the short hand.

Finally, when working with rings, it is most important to keep comfort in mind. The hand is a working, functioning body area, as opposed to the earlobe, which doesn’t put forth any effort. Do not forsake comfort for looks.

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Common Necklace Lengths and Their Names

When designing a necklace or pendant, consider that the length will determine where it will lie on the chest.  Remember that longer lengths accentuate the bust while shorter lengths feature the beautiful lines of her neck.

How Many Beads do You Need? Check out this Measuring Scale

Collar — 12/13 inches
Collars are usually made up of three or more strands and lie snugly on the middle of the neck. Very Victorian and luxurious, collars go best with elegant V-neck, boat neck or off the shoulder fashions.

Choker — 14/16 inches
A choker is perhaps the most classic and yet versatile of all the single strand lengths. A simple choker can go with virtually any outfit from casual to fancy evening wear, and just about any neckline imaginable.

This is a good necklace length for a child. This way the necklace has “growth room”.

Princess — 17/19 inches
The princess length necklace is best suited for crew and high necklines. It also complements low plunging necklines.

Hint : it is a perfect support for a pendant.

Matinee — 20/24 inches
Longer than the choker, and just a bit shorter than an opera length, the matinee necklace is the right choice for casual or business dressing.

Opera — 28/34 inches
The opera necklace is the queen of all the lengths. When worn as a single strand, it is refined and perfect for high or crew necklines. When doubled upon itself, it serves as a versatile two strand choker.

This is the most common length for a necklace.

Rope or Lariat — Over 45 inches
Dripping with elegance and sensuously sexy, the pearl rope was a favorite of Coco Chanel.

Clasps placed in strategic locations around the necklace will enable you to break it down into multi-strand necklace and bracelet combinations.

For those looking for the complete wardrobe, this length is a must.

Lariats are at last 48 inches long, with the ends left unattached for knotting or wrapping around the neck.

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Modern Bead Making In India

Modern Bead Making In India

In 2001 I asked Rosh Hashem a third generation gem dealer that lives in Mumbai India, if it was possible to send some pictures of bead making and production? In addition, could he tell me about the workers, their history family, etc? Pictures of buildings, equipment, and any type of bead related pictures that he could think of. Of course, I offered to pay for any film costs, involved

To my delight Rosh wrote back and said, “I’m planning on a tour of ‘factories’ where they do beads in agate stones. I am planning on a visit on 8th-9th September, I’ll take photographs on my digital camera, and forward you by email with requested details of workers and history.”

Jerry:  Rosh these pictures are Brilliant! These are exactly what I wanted.
Rosh:  Glad you think I can be a good photographer. My wife says I’m very bad at picture taking.

Jerry: Where does the rough come from?

Rosh: Rough material comes from places around Jalna and Aurangabad in Maharashtra state, where the famous Ajanta and Ellora caves are located, from Jagadia in Gujrat state, from Hyderabad region (where Golconda mines and Fort is located and Kohinoor was mined here) and also Kangyam and Karur region in Tamil Nadu state.

Mine run rough stone heaps
Mine run rough stone heaps
Mine run rough stone heaps
Mine run rough stone heaps

Jerry: Where is this factory located?

Rosh: These pictures were taken at a factory 550 kms or 300 miles from Bombay, very near Bhuj where the devastating earthquake was felt on 26th Jan. Name of the place is Khambhat (pronounced Cambay) . A sleepy little ‘cow town’, Agate cutting and polishing is the cottage industry here and the main source of livelihood. Incidentally, I was born here and still have ancestral properties.

Entrance to one of the factory units.
Entrance to one of the bead making factory units.

Jerry: There is always concern that beads are be produced using child labor or sweatshop conditions

Rosh: Most people work in their homes. Many of the cutters and stringing are farmers that work the beads as a family.

Preforming by hand
Bead makers preforming by hand
Preforming by hand.
Preforming by hand.

Cooking chalcedony in earthen pots to get red carnelian

Preparing chalcedony for cooking in earthen pots (61K) Preparing chalcedony for cooking in earthen pots
Preparing chalcedony for cooking in earthen pots
Cooking chalcedony in earthen pots to get red carnelian
Cooking chalcedony in earthen pots to get red carnelian

Home Made Bead Tumblers

Bead Tumbler (Running)
Bead Tumbler (Running)
Bead Tumbler
Bead Tumbler

Rosh: In 1977, I was approached by one of the biggest industrial houses in India. They wanted to get into all aspects of gemstones. They planned to put up the most modern factories, importing latest equipment and even taking care of health hazards faced by cutters at present. Shockingly, almost 90% of the cutters declined to work in an organized, modern factory and give up their almost primitive ways of working!

Tumbled 'preforms'
Tumbled ‘preforms’
Grinding process
Grinding process

Jerry: How long does it take to make beads from start to finish? Example: How long to Perform, Tumble, Grind and Drill?

Rosh: This is a tricky question. If we had an answer, we would be the largest and best manufacturer of beads in the world!

Different processes are done by different factories. There are no lead times and delivery schedules here. The cutters work according to their mood. Sometimes they may work continuously for 2-3 days and then take off for a week or so. Most cutters take advanced payment and we are at their mercy. On an average, it may take a month to get 5000 strands.

Drilling holes
Drilling holes
'Stringing beads'
‘Stringing beads’


Rosh Hashem has been serving International trade since 1996 with production and supplies of fashion accessories like beaded jewelry and printed stoles as also handicraft products like agate stones tumbled, pyramids, massagers, healing wands, pendulums, etc. as also soapstone items – undercut animal figures, boxes, oil diffusers, etc.